Taqwa” beautifully explained in a narration that occurred during the rule of Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab, Allah be pleased with him. Khalifa Umar walked by a house and heard the mother telling her daughter to add water to the milk so that they would have a greater quantity to sell. The daughter tells her mother they should not practice deceitfulness. The mother said that they are alone and caliph `Umar, cannot see them. The girl replied that `Umar cannot see them but the God of Umar can” This narration shows the degree of Allah-consciousness and to reach a high degree of Allah -consciousness is when a person becomes conscious of Allah’s at all times.
Ramadan – In pursuance of Taqwa
Mending habits and developing character
Ramadan is the month of heightened Allah-consciousness, of attaining unto taqwa (piety), of training ourselves to be the best we can be; a month to initiate improvement of reputation, character and cultivating good habits.
People who try their best to live by the highest values are surely people of integrity and indeed people of moral conscience. What is morality though? Morality describes the principles that govern our behavior and relates to our behavior at three levels …
how we as individuals ensure that we are honest, just and compassionate
how we interact with and contribute to society, as asset or liability
how conscious we are of our accountability to our Creator
Taqwa in an amoral world
In a world, increasingly amoral, perception is considered reality. How one appears to the world has overtaken the substance of who we really are. Impressions, whether real or fake, are given more credence than they deserve. Though name, image and reputation are what we perceive of people, character is the essence of the “real self”.
Taqwa is in reality character development coupled with God-consciousness.
Character and Reputation
Character is not only the face in the mirror, but the real person behind the face. Character evolves from conscience; is sustained by conscience and is developed, piece by piece, with every thought, with every choice, and maintained with consistency and determination. The pursuance of piety begins by making our reputation a reflection of our character. In many people, reputation precedes the character and there is a distinction to be made …
Reputation is what you lead others to believe you are, character is what you really are
Reputation may be reflected in the combination of your name and your image, character is the essence of your being
Reputation is the wrapping, character the content
Reputation is the outer reflection, character the inner reality
Reputation is made in a moment, character is built in a life time
Reputation may be reflected in what people write about you on your tombstone, character is what angels report about you to Allah
Changing bad habits
The renowned philosopher, Aristotle, once said;
“You are what you repeatedly do “.
Habits are conditioned responses, formed through repetition, until the actions or reactions become second nature; they end up as unconscious behavior, automatic reactions in a particular situation; (e.g. The way you sign your name, cigarette smoking after a meal…)
It was the English writer, Shakespeare, who said:
” First we make our habits, then our habits make us “.
Thinking in a particular pattern creates a mental path, the mental path affects our attitude and our behavior, and these reflect our personality and character. In other words, our thoughts affect our attitudes, which affect our actions, which determine our habits, which reflect our character, which could determine our destiny. The Roman poet Naso Ovid rightly said,
” habits eventually become character”.
According to Islam, habits are classified as virtues or vices, as repeated actions that are in conformity with or contrary to the rules of morality. Virtuous character emanates from good habits and good habits emanate from resisting negative temptations.
Good habits, unfortunately, seem so much easier to give up than bad habits.
Bad habits are like a comfortable bed; easy to get into but difficult to get out of. The chain of bad habits are generally too light to be felt until they are too strong to be broken. Remember though, that every habit; whether good or bad, is acquired and can be developed or disowned. Habits decrease or disappear by abstaining from exercising them and then replacing them.
In the words of Roman orator, Cicero,
” consuetudo consuetudine vincitur = habit is overcome/ conquered by habit”.
Ramadan is an ideal training period for filtering out bad habits and developing virtuous character. The beloved Prophet, upon Him peace and blessings, is reported to have said:
“There comes to you the blessed month of Ramadan, a month in which Allah has made fasting obligatory on those who are able; whosoever denies himself of the benefits of that month denies himself many virtues.”
As we undertake the physical and spiritual responsibility of fasting in the blessed month of Ramadan, we reflect on the words of our beloved Prophet, upon Him peace and blessings, who said:
“Your practice of faith will not be correct unless your actions are correct, and your actions will not be considered correct unless your heart is correct.”